Despite high variability in the types of crops grown and specific management regimes, all. Abstract hoe conservation farming practice in zambia focuses on the retention of residues, restricting tillage of the land to the area where the seed is to be sown, completion of land preparation in the dry season, establishment of precise and permanent planting basins. Mike patterson this paper investigates the effectiveness of joint forest management jfm and agricultural programs at reducing rural poverty in zambia. Since 1992, the countrys national poverty level has marginally declined. Over 180 farmers have received training for sustainable agriculture in zambia. Firstly, regressive farming techniques meant low yields and an exponential cycle of soil depletion. Jan 29, 2018 over 180 farmers have received training for sustainable agriculture in zambia. A monitoring and evaluation report of the conservation. Conservation farming cf speak for themselves and many thousands of smallscale farmers in zambia are now benefiting from these simple practices. Conservation agriculture food and agriculture organization. Mar 06, 2017 climate smart agriculture increases productivity, make farming more climate resilient, reduces greenhouse gas emissions and reduces poverty. Norway has supported zambian conservation farming unit. An analysis of rural livelihood programs for poverty reduction in eastern zambia committee chair. Climate smart agriculture increases productivity, make farming more climate resilient, reduces greenhouse gas emissions and reduces poverty.
Conservation farming strategies in east and southern africa. The survey employed multi tools to collect qualitative data through a desk studies b questionnaire survey c farmer field visits. Yet many people intimately involved with worldwide food production have been slow to recognize its many advantages and consider it to be a viable alternative to conventional agricultural practices that are having obvious negative impact on the environment. May 2007 resource conservation forests and farming. In this handbook, we also explain the principles of conservation agriculture ca. Pdf adoption and intensity of adoption of conservation. Zambia must reduce the deforestation rate to ensure a green economy and sustianbale development. We get similar results for households owning draught animals. They found that yields significantly increase when conservation techniques are. The survey involved interviewing ca stakeholders which were randomly selected.
Oct 31, 2012 using conservation agriculture to help zimbabwes farmers produce more duration. This page is an open page for sharing information about conservation agriculture ca in zambia. Conservation farming unit cfu of zambia national farmers union znfu has defined ca as a farming practice that is anchored on three core principles. A case study of southern province find, read and cite all the research you need on researchgate. Applying precise amounts of fertilizer and lime when needed to the. The principles of conservation agriculture conservation agriculture takes advantage of natural ecological processes to conserve moisture, enhance soil fertility, and improve soil structure, and to reduce soil erosion and the presence of diseases and pests. This paper explores the impact of conservation agriculture ca on the environmental efficiency of maize farmers in zambia, by comparing nitrogen fertilizer recovery between farms that practise ca and those using conventional farming technologies.
Therefore, to improve food security in africa a farming revolution is needed to cope with the ballooning populations, increased costs of production of agriculture inputs and threatened water resources and environmental degradation. In addition, the techniques used in conservation farming meant that less fertiliser was needed. Conservation farming unit phone and map of address. Occasionally, the extension personnel did not satisfactorily carry through essential steps in the agricultural support program outline. Conservation farming in zambia posted on december 10, 2011 by markeveryware even before my arrival in africa, i had been keenly aware of a tension in the development sector between proponents of increased crop yields through contemporary farming methods vs. The knowledge and experience of conservation farming is increasing in zambia, and gradually more households are adopting the techniques. Since 1996, a growing coalition of stakeholders from the private sector, government and donor communities has promoted a new package of agronomic practices for smallholders in zambia. Food and agriculture organization of the united nations 14,200 views 14. Abstract this paper analyzes the determinants of farmer adoption of conservation farming practices using panel data from two rounds of the rural incomes and livelihoods surveys that were implemented in 2004 and 2008. It enhances biodiversity and natural biological processes above and below the ground surface, which contribute to increased water and nutrient use efficiency and to. Adoption and impact of conservation agriculture on. Mechanization of conservation agriculture in zambia. Conservation agriculture in zambia conservation capital.
Conservation agriculture is the integration of ecological management with modern. Conservation agriculture zambia public group facebook. What is conservation agriculture ca ca is a set of soil management practices that minimize the disruption of the soils structure, composition and natural biodiversity. Conservation farming in zambia food and agriculture. Pdf on jan 1, 2007, frederic baudron and others published conservation agriculture in zambia. A monitoring and evaluation report of the conservation agriculture project cap1 in zambia by jens b. The principles of conservation agriculture conservation agriculture takes advantage of natural ecological processes to conserve moisture, enhance soil fertility, and improve soil structure, and to reduce soil. The knowledge and experience of conservation farming is increasing in zambia, and gradually more households are adopting the. Zambias doubleedged sword against climate change and hunger. Leaching refers to the loss of water soluble plant nutrients from the soil after rainfall. Examining the impact of conservation agriculture on. The conservation farming cf system they advocate involves. Haggblade and tembo 2003 examine the benefits of conservation farming in za mbia for smallscale cotton farmers.
Conservation farming practices gave better yield but demanded more labor input, especially for land preparation and weeding. The practice of even just one or two conservation farming techniques is beneficial. A case study of southern province article pdf available january 2007 with 1,351 reads how we measure reads. Conservation agriculture ca has been actively promoted actively since the early 1990s among zambian smallholder farmers as a practice that helps improve crop productivity, improve soil fertility, and mitigate against low andor variable rainfall. Conservation farming cf is precision farming, often combining minimum tillage, crop rotation and residue retention. Linking women with agribusiness in zambia corporate social responsibility, creating shared value, and human rights approaches pamela white, gerry finnegan, eija pehu, pirkko poutiainen, and marialena vyzaki world bank group report number 97510zm june 2015 public disclosure authorized public disclosure authorized public disclosure authorized. Pdf determinants of conservation agriculture adoption among. Conservation farming with handdug basins smallholder farmers in zambia have been encouraged to adopt a handdug planting basin system figure 2 called conservation farming cf. Conservation agriculture ca plays a critical role in tackling food insecurity, which. Feel free to post comments, questions, news, information, etc. With ca, farming communities become providers of more healthy living environments for the wider community through reduced use of fossil fuels, pesticides, and other pollutants, and through conservation of environmental integrity and services.
It is important to note that the results show that the available tractor hiring services are mostly utilized for plowing and that the majority of the households owning farming implements own plows instead of ca appropriate implements such as rippers. In the present farmerled field trials carried out in zambia, the use of a low dosage biochar combined with cf minimum tillage was tested as a way to increase crop yields. Conservation agriculture ca is a climate change adaptation measure being promoted for smallscale farmers in zambia. Conservation agriculture is generally a winwin situation for both farmers and the environment. Mwanza, bernard triomphe, martin bwalya zambia conservation agriculture in africa pilot initiatives to introduce more sustainable farming practices are many in africa, but documentation of them is scarce. Nasfam, the conservation farming unit cfu of zambia attended the workshop. Determinants of conservation agriculture adoption among.
Conservation farming cf, as applied in zambia, involves a package of several key practices. Dec 10, 2011 conservation farming in zambia posted on december 10, 2011 by markeveryware even before my arrival in africa, i had been keenly aware of a tension in the development sector between proponents of increased crop yields through contemporary farming methods vs. However, nationwide survey data show that adoption rates by zambian smallholder farmers have remained low, while disadoption is widespread despite. Johannesburg, 17 october irin zambian subsistence farmers are reporting successes with conservation farming which advocates new methods of maximising crops in areas with low rainfall and. About 4547% of the rural population in zambia depend on livestock for their livelihood with 39. Oct 17, 2002 johannesburg, 17 october irin zambian subsistence farmers are reporting successes with conservation farming which advocates new methods of maximising crops in areas with low rainfall and.
Conservation farming improved food security for farmers because it minimised crop loss during drought. Mwanza, bernard triomphe, martin bwalya zambia conservation agriculture in africa pilot initiatives to introduce more sustainable farming practices are many in. This caused many farmers to switch to nonfood cash crops such as cotton and tobacco that simply served to increase the likelihood of food shortages in the valley. The threats of climate impacts to sustainable development are critical and these have to be addressed if zambia is to move towards. Farmers who receive training become eligible for loans, and the majority of loan recipients go into dairy farming. The conservation farming unit works to provide small and medium scale farmers with the supporting environment, knowledge and practical experience to help them successfully adopt conservation farming and conservation agriculture practices.
Ca is touted as a sustainable adaptation practice that can improve productivity in marginal farming areas. Sustainable agriculture in zambia and creating green entrepreneurs may be the first steps in ending the countrys cycle of poverty and environmental. Haggblade and tembo 2003 examine the benefits of conservation farming in zambia for smallscale cotton farmers. Using conservation agriculture to help zimbabwes farmers produce more duration. Conservation agriculture among farmers in kalomo, zambia. Yet signs indicate that understanding is growing among farmers, stake holders, researchers, and policymakers that sustainable agriculture is. Development, diffusion and impact of conservation farming in zambia, food security collaborative working papers 54464, michigan state university, department of agricultural, food, and resource economics. Conservation farming and conservation agriculture can benefit farmers well. Conservation farming cf in zambia has shown promise of achieving. Conservation farming in zambia conservation agriculture. We train over 200,000 farmers each year in 45 districts of zambia.177 1315 560 1383 626 113 1037 1285 1624 1369 1063 1565 80 1398 1 697 851 793 434 927 391 489 501 1444 918 1175 73 1326 729 419 1123 840 1497 1278 1242 388 1283 1528 902 887 829 955 919 1014 358